Social Security Numbers are issued for tax purposes only. They are used to identify you within the government tax and pension system. Accordingly, you do not need a Social Security number to:
If a business representative or service provider asks you for a Social Security number, simply inform him/her that you are an international student/scholar and do not have a Social Security Card.
However, as a nonimmigrant in the U.S., you will need a Social Security Number if you wish to work. A Social Security card is not proof of work authorization.
H-4 dependents are not eligible for SSNs in most cases. Those who are not eligible for a SSN may apply for an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) from the Internal Revenue Service.
To apply for an SSN go to the nearest SSA office and bring the following:
#2. Mailing Address- Use your local address
#3. Citizenship- check "Legal Alien Allowed to Work"
#8. A. Mother's Maiden Name- This is the name of your mother's given name before she was married (if different).
B. Mother's Social Security Number- If your mother ever lived in the U.S. and had a Social Security Number, put it here. If not, leave this blank.
#9. A. Father's Name- Your father's family name
B. Father's Social Security Number- If your father ever lived in the U.S. and had a Social Security Number, put it here. If not, leave this blank.
**You may apply for a social security number once you have checked in at OIS and have been in the US for at least 2 days.
When you apply for an SSN, ask the service representative to give you a receipt for your application. Your department may place you on payroll before you receive the card if you have the receipt. After you turn in your application to a social security representative, your documents will be returned to you. You will receive your SSN card by mail several weeks later.